Oh, this is easy, I can thank Dr. Maslow for this:
"Maslow's hierarchy of needs is often portrayed in the shape of a
pyramid, with the largest and lowest levels of needs at the bottom,
and the need for self-actualization at the top.
The lower four layers of the pyramid contain what Maslow called
"deficiency needs" or "d-needs": esteem , friendship and love,
security, and physical needs. With the exception of the lowest
(physiological) needs, if these "deficiency needs" are not met, the
body gives no physical indication but the individual feels anxious
'What a man can be, he must be.' This forms the basis of the
perceived need for self-actualization. This level of need pertains
to what a person's full potential is and realizing that potential.
Maslow describes this desire as the desire to become more and more
what one is, to become everything that one is capable of becoming.
This is a broad definition of the need for self-actualization, but
when applied to individuals the need is specific. For example one
individual may have the strong desire to become an ideal parent, in
another it may be expressed athletically, and in another it may be
expressed in painting, pictures, or inventions. As mentioned
before, in order to reach a clear understanding of this level of
need one must first not only achieve the previous needs,
physiological, safety, love, and esteem, but master these needs.
Below are Maslow’s descriptions of a self-actualized person’s
different needs and personality traits.
Maslow also states that even though these are examples of how the
quest for knowledge is separate from basic needs he warns that
these “two hierarchies are interrelated rather than sharply
separated” (Maslow 97). This means that this level of need, as well
as the next and highest level, are not strict, separate levels but
closely related to others, and this is possibly the reason that
these two levels of need are left out of most textbooks.
All humans have a need to be respected and to have self-esteem and
self-respect. Also known as the belonging need, esteem presents the
normal human desire to be accepted and valued by others. People
need to engage themselves to gain recognition and have an activity
or activities that give the person a sense of contribution, to feel
accepted and self-valued, be it in a profession or hobby.
Imbalances at this level can result in low self-esteem or an
inferiority complex. People with low self-esteem need respect from
others. They may seek fame or glory, which again depends on others.
Note, however, that many people with low self-esteem will not be
able to improve their view of themselves simply by receiving fame,
respect, and glory externally, but must first accept themselves
internally. Psychological imbalances such as depression can also
prevent one from obtaining self-esteem on both levels.
Most people have a need for a stable self-respect and self-esteem.
Maslow noted two versions of esteem needs, a lower one and a higher
one. The lower one is the need for the respect of others, the need
for status, recognition, fame, prestige, and attention. The higher
one is the need for self-respect, the need for strength,
competence, mastery, self-confidence, independence and freedom. The
latter one ranks higher because it rests more on inner competence
won through experience. Deprivation of these needs can lead to an
inferiority complex, weakness and helplessness.
3. Love and belonging
After physiological and safety needs are fulfilled, the third layer
of human needs are social and involve feelings of belongingness.
This aspect of Maslow's hierarchy involves emotionally based
relationships in general, such as:
Humans need to feel a sense of belonging and acceptance, whether it
comes from a large social group, such as clubs, office culture,
religious groups, professional organizations, sports teams, gangs,
or small social connections (family members, intimate partners,
mentors, close colleagues, confidants). They need to love and be
loved (sexually and non-sexually) by others. In the absence of
these elements, many people become susceptible to loneliness,
social anxiety, and clinical depression. This need for belonging
can often overcome the physiological and security needs, depending
on the strength of the peer pressure; an anorexic, for example, may
ignore the need to eat and the security of health for a feeling of
control and belonging.
4. Safety needs
With their physical needs relatively satisfied, the individual's
safety needs take precedence and dominate behavior. These needs
have to do with people's yearning for a predictable orderly world
in which perceived unfairness and inconsistency are under control,
the familiar frequent and the unfamiliar rare. In the world of
work, these safety needs manifest themselves in such things as a
preference for job security, grievance procedures for protecting
the individual from unilateral authority, savings accounts,
insurance policies, reasonable disability accommodations, and the
Safety and Security needs include:
Health and well-being
Safety net against accidents/illness and their adverse
5. Physiological needs
For the most part, physiological needs are obvious—they are the
literal requirements for human survival. If these requirements are
not met (with the exception of clothing, shelter, and sexual
activity), the human body simply cannot continue to function.
Physiological needs include:
Air, water, and food are metabolic requirements for survival in all
animals, including humans. Clothing and shelter provide necessary
protection from the elements. The intensity of the human sexual
instinct is shaped more by sexual competition than maintaining a
birth rate adequate to survival of the species."
And since I'm a piano player, sixth would be my fingers. (And ear
and brain. And $.)