In biology, binomial classification system is the formal system of naming species. Each species name is in "Latin" (or "greek") and has two parts, so it is also sometimes known as the "Latin name" of the species, although biologists and philologists prefer the phrase scientific name.
In this test, I will give you some latin names and ask you to pick the correct meaning of the name, and then to indentify the wee beasty involved. Later in the test when I get bored I might do it the other way round.
For example, Zalophus californicus
Za- is a prefix meaning 'very'
-lophus means crest
californicus, peculiarly enough, means 'from california'
so the name means 'big crested thing from Califronia'. Obvious really.
Anyone can clearly see that Zalophus californicus must therefore be the African Mole Rat.
OK, it isn't.
Anyone can clearly see that Zalophus californicus must therefore be the Californian sealion.
Obviously, this test is highly googlable, but the Lord God is watching you, so I trust you.